Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Diabetes mellitus is an insidious disorder of food metabolism caused by the dysfunction of the pancreas. It is characterized by the higher levels of glucose in the blood (hyperglycaemia). Diabetes mellitus type 2 is usually seen in older age and the patient is not dependent on insulin injections, in contrast with Diabetes mellitus type 1 that appears in younger individuals who need to inject insulin. The main symptoms involve the frequent and/or intense thirst (polydipsia), the regular urination (polyuria), the lethargy and the weight loss. Micro-circulation is most often affected leading to subsequent complications in the eyes, nerves, kidneys, skin and heart.
Depending on the severity of the situation and the individual’s physiology, the treatment can be complemented or alternatively treated. But before any treatment suggestion, medical history taking and clinical evaluations are necessary. As a matter of fact, lots of attention is given upon the patient’s dietary habits and lifestyle. The clinician‘s ultimate scope is to train the patient on a more balanced way of eating and living so as to improve the metabolism, and hence health.